General Surgeon

Do You Have Metabolic Syndrome?

April 6, 2023

Metabolic Syndrome: Do You Have It?

Understanding Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of symptoms and factors that affect many individuals.

Health Risks Associated with Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome can increase the likelihood of developing various conditions, including heart disease, stroke, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer’s, and rheumatic diseases.

Global Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is estimated to affect a quarter of the world’s population.

Prevalence in Turkey: METSAR Findings

Research by the Turkish Metabolic Syndrome Research Group (METSAR) indicates that the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in urban areas of Turkey averages around 33.82%.

Impact on Turkish Population

Approximately one-third of Turkey’s population aged 20 and above is affected by metabolic syndrome, according to METSAR data.

Elevated Health Risks

Individuals with metabolic syndrome face a threefold increased risk of heart attacks and strokes compared to those without the syndrome. Their risk of mortality from these diseases is also twice as high.

Diabetes Risk

The risk of developing type 2 diabetes is five times higher in people with metabolic syndrome.

Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease

It is estimated that 80% of the 200 million individuals worldwide with diabetes will succumb to cardiovascular diseases.

Metabolic Syndrome’s Significance

These statistics underscore the significance of metabolic syndrome and diabetes in terms of their impact on morbidity and mortality rates.

Diagnostic Criteria for Metabolic Syndrome

The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) sets diagnostic criteria requiring the presence of abdominal obesity alongside at least two of several factors.

Factors for Diagnosis

These factors include elevated fasting blood sugar, high blood pressure, low HDL cholesterol levels, high triglyceride levels, and abdominal obesity.

Waist Circumference and Abdominal Obesity

Abdominal obesity is also known as “abdominal obesity,” determined by waist circumference measurements. Thresholds vary based on gender.

Preventive Measures for Metabolic Syndrome

Embracing a Healthy Lifestyle

Preventing metabolic syndrome is anchored in adopting a healthy lifestyle.

Maintaining a Healthy Weight

Maintaining an ideal weight is a key strategy for avoiding this health issue.

Incorporating Physical Activity

Incorporate physical activity into your routine, such as walking and using stairs instead of elevators.

Choosing Active Transportation

Opt for active transportation options like walking or biking for short distances instead of relying solely on cars.

Smart Parking Choices

If driving is necessary, choose to park farther away from your destination to encourage walking.

Mindful Beverage Choices

Opt for water or natural mineral water over sugary ready-made fruit juices and sports drinks.

Navigating Dining Choices

Avoid fast-food establishments and instead choose options like salads and grilled meats.

Prioritizing Healthy Habits

Consume a balanced breakfast, avoid mindless snacking, and manage portion sizes.

Lifestyle Modification Programs

Consider lifestyle programs that modify eating habits, physical activity, and behavior.

Steering Clear of Refined Foods

Avoid refined foods and opt for whole, unprocessed options.

Quality Sleep Matters

Prioritize sleep, aiming for 6-8 hours of quality rest each night.

Micronutrient Support

Consult a healthcare professional for guidance on necessary micronutrient supplements.

Mindful Product Choices

Avoid products like perfumes and cosmetics that might disrupt hormone balance.

Prioritizing Natural Foods

Choose foods that are minimally processed and in-season.

Seeking Professional Support

Individuals with metabolic syndrome should consult healthcare professionals for guidance and support.

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