Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of symptoms and factors that affect many individuals.
Metabolic syndrome can increase the likelihood of developing various conditions, including heart disease, stroke, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer’s, and rheumatic diseases.
Metabolic syndrome is estimated to affect a quarter of the world’s population.
Research by the Turkish Metabolic Syndrome Research Group (METSAR) indicates that the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in urban areas of Turkey averages around 33.82%.
Approximately one-third of Turkey’s population aged 20 and above is affected by metabolic syndrome, according to METSAR data.
Individuals with metabolic syndrome face a threefold increased risk of heart attacks and strokes compared to those without the syndrome. Their risk of mortality from these diseases is also twice as high.
The risk of developing type 2 diabetes is five times higher in people with metabolic syndrome.
It is estimated that 80% of the 200 million individuals worldwide with diabetes will succumb to cardiovascular diseases.
These statistics underscore the significance of metabolic syndrome and diabetes in terms of their impact on morbidity and mortality rates.
The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) sets diagnostic criteria requiring the presence of abdominal obesity alongside at least two of several factors.
These factors include elevated fasting blood sugar, high blood pressure, low HDL cholesterol levels, high triglyceride levels, and abdominal obesity.
Abdominal obesity is also known as “abdominal obesity,” determined by waist circumference measurements. Thresholds vary based on gender.
Preventing metabolic syndrome is anchored in adopting a healthy lifestyle.
Maintaining an ideal weight is a key strategy for avoiding this health issue.
Incorporate physical activity into your routine, such as walking and using stairs instead of elevators.
Opt for active transportation options like walking or biking for short distances instead of relying solely on cars.
If driving is necessary, choose to park farther away from your destination to encourage walking.
Opt for water or natural mineral water over sugary ready-made fruit juices and sports drinks.
Avoid fast-food establishments and instead choose options like salads and grilled meats.
Consume a balanced breakfast, avoid mindless snacking, and manage portion sizes.
Consider lifestyle programs that modify eating habits, physical activity, and behavior.
Avoid refined foods and opt for whole, unprocessed options.
Prioritize sleep, aiming for 6-8 hours of quality rest each night.
Consult a healthcare professional for guidance on necessary micronutrient supplements.
Avoid products like perfumes and cosmetics that might disrupt hormone balance.
Choose foods that are minimally processed and in-season.
Individuals with metabolic syndrome should consult healthcare professionals for guidance and support.
Op. Dr. Salim Balin